Georg Phillip Telemann: Notes and Commentary

“‘If we wish to understand the extraordinary blaze of music that illuminated Germany from the time of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven,’ wrote Romain Rolland, ‘we must have some acquaintance with those who prepared this magnificent beacon; we must watch the lighting of the fire.’ One of those whom Rolland regarded as significant in the preparation of that beacon, and in the lighting of that fire, was Georg Philipp Telemann.”—David Ewen, The Complete Book of Classical Music

“Baroque master of 3,000 works.”—Phil Goulding, Classical Music

Georg Philipp Telemann was a German Baroque composer and multi-instrumentalist. Almost completely self-taught in music, he became a composer against his family’s wishes. After studying in Magdeburg, Zellerfeld, and Hildesheim, Telemann entered the University of Leipzig to study law, but eventually settled on a career in music. He held important positions in Leipzig, Sorau, Eisenach, and Frankfurt before settling in Hamburg in 1721, where he became musical director of the city’s five main churches. While Telemann’s career prospered, his personal life was always troubled: his first wife died only a few months after their marriage, and his second wife had extramarital affairs and accumulated a large gambling debt before leaving him. He lived from March 14, 1681, to June 25, 1767.

Telemann was one of the most prolific composers in history, at least in terms of surviving oeuvre, with at least 3,000 known pieces, and was considered by his contemporaries to be one of the leading German composers of the time. He was compared favorably both to his friend Johann Sebastian Bach, who made Telemann the godfather and namesake of his son Carl Philipp Emanuel, and to George Frideric Handel, whom Telemann also knew personally. Telemann’s music incorporates several national styles (French, Italian) and is even at times influenced by Polish popular music. He remained at the forefront of all new musical tendencies and his music is an important link between the late Baroque and early Classical styles.—From Wikipedia

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