Johann Christoph Pez (also Petz, but not to be confused with Johann Christoph Pezel, an earlier German composer) was a musician, Kapellmeister, and composer. He was born in Munich. From 1676, he was the tower watchman and later the choir director at the Church of Saint Peter in Munich. In 1688, he became a musician at the court of prince Maximilian Emmanuel, Elector of Bavaria, who offered him the opportunity to pursue his musical studies in Rome with the leading Italian composer Arcangelo Corelli. In 1694, Pez was in the service of Joseph Clemens, Archbishop-Elector of Cologne at his residence in Bonn, working to improve the prince’s chapel orchestra. In 1695, he became Kapellmeister and advisor to the prince. Returning to Munich in 1701, he remained for five years at the court’s chapel. In 1706, he became the senior Kapellmeister (Oberkapellmeister) of Eberhard, the Duke of Württemberg, a position he held until his death.
Under his directorship, the chapel orchestra expanded considerably. Like many of his contemporaries, he was heavily influenced by the French style, and he was one of many imitators of Jean-Baptiste Lully. Although largely forgotten today, he was mentioned in a lyric poem written by Georg Philipp Telemann in 1730, who placed Pez beside the names of composers like Händel, as a grand composer of his era, singling out in particular the quality of his sonatas. He lived from September 9, 1664, to 25 September 25, 1716.—Excerpted from Wikipedia
Books and Music
Twelve Sonatas for two violins, viola da gamba or violoncello,
and basso continuo, Opus I (sheet music)
Sylvius Leopold Weiss was a German composer and lutenist. The son of Johann Jacob Weiss, also a lutenist, he served at courts in Breslau, Rome, and Dresden, where he died. He was one of the most important and most prolific composers of lute music in history and one of the best-known and most technically accomplished lutenists of his day. He wrote around 600 pieces for the instrument, most of them grouped into “sonatas” (not to be confused with the later classical sonata, based on the sonata form) or suites, which consist mostly of baroque dance pieces. Weiss also wrote chamber pieces and concertos, but only the solo parts have survived for most of them. In later life, Weiss became a friend of Wilhelm Friedemann Bach and met J.S. Bach through him. The two were said to have competed in improvisation. He lived from October 12, 1687, to October 16, 1750.—Excerpted from Wikipedia
Johann Joachim Quantz was a German flutist, flute maker, and composer. He began his musical studies as a child with his uncle’s son-in-law, later going to Dresden and Vienna. He studied composition and pored over scores of the masters to adopt their style. During his tenure in Dresden, he abandoned the violin and the oboe for the flute and studied with Pierre Gabriel Buffardin. It was during this time as musician to Frederick Augustus II of Poland that he began to perform more on the instrument.
He gradually became known as the finest flautist in Europe, and toured France and England. He became a flute teacher, flute maker, and composer to Frederick II of Prussia (Frederick the Great) in 1740. He was an innovator in flute design, adding keys to the instrument to help with intonation. He often criticized Vivaldi for being too wild when he played.
Although Quantz wrote many pieces of music, mainly for the flute (including around 300 flute concertos and more than 200 sonatas), he is best known today as the author of Versuch einer Anweisung die Flöte traversiere zu spielen (1752) (“On Playing the Flute”), a treatise on traverso flute playing. It is a valuable source of reference regarding performance practice and flute technique in the 18th century. He lived from January 30, 1697, to July 12, 1773.—Excerpted from Wikipedia
“Articulation, aesthetics, phrasing, ornamentation, character, tempo, practicing, accompaniment, style, notation, how to give a concert, how to breathe when you’re nervous, how to play in an orchestra, … it’s all here. This book from 1752 covers the art of being a musician, not just a flute player.”—Bradley Lehman on Amazon
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